By Mark Edmonds
Archaeological proof means that Neolithic websites had many various, usually contradictory services, and there can have been different makes use of for which no proof survives. How can archaeologists current a good interpetation, with the attention that either their very own subjectivity, and the range of conflicting perspectives will ensure their approach.
simply because those websites became a spotlight for thus a lot controversy, the matter of featuring them to the general public assumes a serious significance. The authors don't search to supply a complete overview of the archaeology of some of these causewayed websites in Britain; relatively they use them as case reviews within the improvement of an archaeological interpetation.
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Extra resources for Ancestral Geographies of the Neolithic: Landscapes, Monuments and Memory
Apart from their significance in providing meat and milk and as a source of leather or bone, cattle provided an important structure in the lives of Neolithic communities. At one level, the animals themselves may have provided metaphors for the constitution of groups and the identities of particular people. Patterns and thresholds in the lives of cattle may have been drawn upon to evoke similar themes in their lives; gestation, maturity, renewal; castration, strength and fertility. The changing scale of herds would have sometimes been in step with the coming together of people from different communities and this too may have held a metaphoric significance for the ties that stretched between those groups.
However, there are a number of retouched flakes and some burnt flint, a material which speaks of hearths and other activities. These are the characteristics of a place that was visited perhaps on a periodic basis and one that saw a limited range of stoneworking tasks. A closer inspection of this scatter is revealing. Many blades and narrow flakes occur on the hill, but they are more than outweighed by the cores from which they were struck. These cores bear the scars of consistent and almost obsessive knapping, with regular working extended until they were exhausted, or reduced to heavily fractured fragments.
More often than not, those groups comprised close kin. These patterns of living and working can be glimpsed in stoneworking traditions. Although these vary from one setting to another, they often reveal a common emphasis on the working of cores to produce narrow flakes and blades. Reflecting a consistency in the use of particular materials, many assemblages Figure 3 Earlier Neolithic hammerstone, blades, scrapers, fabricators and single piece sickles. ) 18 Ancestral geographies suggest the careful use of stone to produce portable and flexible tools.