An Oral and Documentary History of the Darfur Genocide 2 by Samuel Totten

By Samuel Totten

The genocide in Darfur erupted in 2003 yet its seeds have been planted years sooner than. Following years of assaults on their villages, livelihoods and folks, in addition to political and financial disenfranchisement by means of the govt of Sudan, the black Africans of Darfur rebelled. In retaliation, Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir had his troops and an Arab armed forces, the Janjaweed, perform a scorched earth coverage that resulted the in killing of noncombatants, males, ladies, little ones, and the aged. within the strategy, ladies of every age have been raped, hundreds of thousands of villages have been burned to the floor, and over million humans have been pressured from their villages. through mid-2007, estimates of these who have been killed or had perished due loss of water, hunger, or accidents, ranged from a low of 250,000 to over 400,000. This quantity set offers the harrowing tales of survivors of this genocide, and contains a choice of legit records delineating the overseas community's response to the concern in Darfur. the writer has interviewed dozen Sudanese refugees who fled their houses and made their technique to the neighboring kingdom of Chad, recording their reports ahead of the battle, in the course of numerous genocide occasions, and following their get away. these interviews include quantity One. In quantity , the writer has chosen serious records issued by way of the us, the United international locations, and the foreign legal courtroom, each one of which provides serious insights into how the overseas neighborhood considered the scorched earth coverage and atrocities and the way it reached to such. An Oral and Documentary background of the Darfur Genocide is a useful checklist of ways simply a robust govt can flip opposed to a country's weaker minorities.

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2). S. State Department, the Coalition of International Justice (CIJ), and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)—sent a team (the Atrocities Documentation Team, or ADT) of twenty-four investigators to refugee camps in eastern Chad to conduct interviews with 18 An Oral and Documentary History of the Darfur Genocide refugees from the Darfur region of Sudan for the express purpose of collecting evidence to help ascertain whether genocide had been perpetrated by the GoS and the Janjaweed.

Some were acted on, but many were not (particularly those that pushed, prodded, and “threatened” the GoS with severe actions if it failed to comply with the UN’s requests/directives). Various resolutions were revised time and again, along with ever-increasing threats, but largely to no avail due to a dearth of action. Tellingly, in July 2006, a senior Sudanese government official was quoted as saying that “The United Nations Security Council has threatened us so many times, we no longer take it seriously” (cited in Nathan 2007, 249).

In December 2003, Jan Egeland, UN Under-Secretary for Humanitarian Affairs, asserted that the Darfur crisis was possibly the “worst [crisis] in the world today” (United Nations 2004, p. 1). That same month, Tom Vraalsen, the UN Security General’s Special Envoy for Humanitarian Affairs for Sudan, claimed that the situation in Darfur was “nothing less than the ‘organized’ destruction of sedentary African agriculturalists—the Fur, the Massaleit and the Zaghawa” (quoted in Reeves 2003, p. 1). S. government to be proactive in addressing the crisis, and issuing calls for citizen action.

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