By Martin S. Alexander, Martin Evans, J.F.V. Keiger
The Algerian battle 1954-62 was once some of the most lengthy and violent examples of decolonization. from time to time horribly savage, it used to be an undeclared battle within the feel that no formal assertion of hostilities was once ever made. Bringing to an finish 100 and thirty years of French rule, the Algerian fight prompted the autumn of six French best ministers, the cave in of the Fourth Republic and expulsion of 1 million French settlers. This quantity, bringing jointly prime specialists within the box, makes a speciality of one of many key actors within the drama - the French military. They express that the Algerian conflict used to be simply as a lot approximately conflicts of rules, ideals and loyalties because it was once approximately easy army operations. during this approach, the gathering is going past polemic and recrimination to discover the various and sundry nuances of what was once one of many traditionally most vital of the grand type colonial wars.
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Extra resources for The Algerian War and the French Army, 1954–62: Experiences, Images, Testimonies
Legionnaires were appalled by the decisions in Paris to quit Algeria: the 1st REP (Foreign Legion Parachutist Regiment) backed the abortive generals' coup of April 1961 and was disbanded by de Gaulle as a punishment. As the war ended, the Legion had to uproot itself from its headquarters at Sidibel-Abbes and, in a very physical mark of French retreat, move to a new base at Orange in southern France. Legionnaires felt that their comrades had died in vain. 96 Paradoxically, therefore, the morale of professional troops strengthened the longer hostilities continued, while the morale of The 'War without a Name' 27 reservists and conscripts - though they came later to the war - tended progressively to weaken.
16; P. , p. ), 'Les aveux du general Aussaresses suscitent une grande emotion en Algerie'; N. Weill, 'La torture en Algerie entre tabou, occultation et memoire'; ]. Isnard, 'Le Service historique des armees veut proteger les militaires qui se confient a lui', all in Le Monde, 8 May 2001, p. 5; P. Vidai-Naquet, 'Amere victoire', Le Monde, 12 May 2001, pp. 1, 14; M. , p. 14 Le Monde, 23 November 2000; also S. Thenault, 'Armee et justice en guerre d' Algerie', Vingtieme Siecle, 57 (1998), pp. 104-14.
To those who paused from chasing fugitive fellagha bands, it was clear that the war would be decided politically, not militarily. In the military-operational cycle already discussed, these strategies framed the French response. Given the nature of guerrilla war, the hunt for ALN combatants became ever more refined and efficient. A vast and sophisticated French military effort was applied to intelligence-gathering and operations, especially in 1959-60 under Challe's command. The French isolated and destroyed any ALN units foolhardy enough to make a stand; greatly superior in mobility as well as firepower, they caught, trapped and annihilated others that sought refuge in flight.