By Luciano Canepari
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Additional info for A Handbook of Pronunciation
In the same ﬁgure, we can see çsequential articulatory compositionsÇ as well, which show two rapid tappings for (r), followed by two çopenÇ positions, with a white background. For the tap, (R), there is only one contact, for a rapid tapping; whereas, the ﬂap, ([), consists of three quite di‡erent (and quick) phases: ﬁrstly, the tip is brought behind the alveolar ridge; then, while moving forwards, it touches the ridge (and this is the pertinent articulation); ﬁnally, the third phase corresponds to the detachment at every tapping, such as the two white ones in (r).
Linking (absence of a break) 1. prelude 41 tives (or clicks), ﬁve injectives (or implosives, including the theoretical uvular one), and four examples of ejectives. ˛en the o‚cial quadrilateral follows, which tries to explain the vowels, which are 28, in twelve pairs (for lip-position – spread or rounded), plus four isolated elements. ˛e collocation of (È, Ù, π) is highly unhappy. ˛e paltry section on tone and stress is misleading and leads one to think it is not limited to some examples. ˛en suprasegmental signs are shown.
E same marks naturally occur in the diagrams for stopstrictives as well. 1. 32. Slit and grooved constrictives: (†) and (s). slit † s grooved In the case of approximants, there is visibly more space between the articulators, and the horizontal line (used with constrictives) is omitted. 3). 2). 1-3) are marked with a black dot placed upon the articulator which is in motion (whether this is the tongue tip, the uvula, or the lips). 33). In the same ﬁgure, we can see çsequential articulatory compositionsÇ as well, which show two rapid tappings for (r), followed by two çopenÇ positions, with a white background.