A Dictionary of Genetics by Robert C. King

By Robert C. King

The booklet of this totally up-to-date version of A Dictionary of Genetics coincides with the hundredth anniversary of the advent of the time period genetics through William Bateson in 1906 on the 3rd overseas convention on Genetics. because then genetics has made great advances in wisdom and approach and now occupies a pivotal place within the existence sciences because the strongest ability for probing primary questions in cellphone biology, improvement, and evolution. The selection of sequences of entire genomes, the research of gene expression and genetic version on a world scale, and the power to swiftly enlarge gene sequences and to accomplish distinct gene disruptions are only a few examples of significant achievements during this box. Proliferation of recent phrases unavoidably accompanies such impressive development. This re-creation of the Dictionary addresses the wishes of scholars, educators, and scientific geneticists for an authoritative and up to date reference paintings that not just defines the most recent phrases, yet more often than not, additionally offers very important ancillary encyclopedic info. A Dictionary of Genetics is exclusive in that it contains phrases from quite a lot of disciplines which now intertwine with genetics, together with molecular biology, cellphone biology, medication, botany, and evolutionary experiences. Its 7,000 cross-referenced definitions are supported by way of a superb selection of line drawings, tables, and chemical formulae. One-fifth of the Dictionary is dedicated to 6 appendices to which the definitions are cross-referenced and which include a rare trove of supplementary details. This contains a chronology of vital advances spanning the years 1590 to 2005, lists of priceless websites and periodicals, a class of dwelling organisms into an evolutionary hierarchy, and a pattern desk of genome sizes and gene numbers. those beneficial properties make A Dictionary of Genetics a lexicon unheard of within the box. For the 1st time, the Dictionary is obtainable on Oxford Reference on-line (ORO): top class assortment!

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Amniote a land-living vertebrate (reptile, bird, or mammal) whose embryos have an amnion and allantois. Amoeba proteus a common species of rhizopod; a giant protozoan used for microsurgical nuclear transplantations. See Appendix C, 1967, Goldstein and Prescott. amoeboid movement cellular motility involving cytoplasmic streaming into cellular extensions called pseudopodia. amorphic mutation a mutation in which the altered gene product fails in its molecular function. Also called a loss of function mutation or a null mutation.

Anemophily anergy 25 pollination by the wind. the lack of an expected immune response. aneucentric referring to an aberration generating a chromosome with more than one centromere. aneuploidy the condition in which the chromosome number of the cells of an individual is not an exact multiple of the typical haploid set for that species. The nomenclature employs the suffix somic, as the following examples illustrate. ) are examples of a human trisomic and monosomic, respectively. Nullisomics result from the loss (2N − 2) and tetrasomics from the gain (2N + 2) of a chromosome pair.

See Appendix A, Animalia, Arthropoda, Hexapoda, Pterygota, Neoptera, Holometabola, Hymenoptera; Appendix C, 1999, Evans and Wheeler. aplasia the failure of development of an organ. Aplysia the genus of gastropods which includes the sea hares: large, sluglike, marine molluscs with rudimentary, internal shells. Aplysia californica has been much used in the study of the molecular basis of memory. ; CPEB protein. ), which requires a specific coenzyme for its function. apoferritin See ferritin. apoinducer a protein that, when bound to DNA, activates transcription by RNA polymerase.

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